AP Studio Art —
3-D Design Portfolio Section II: Concentration
Summary: An in-depth, personal commitment to a particular artistic concern (12 slides)

In this section, you are asked to demonstrate your personal commitment to a specific visual idea or mode of working. To do this, you should present an aspect of your work or a specific project in which you have invested considerable time, effort, and thought. It is important to define your concentration early in the year so that the work you submit will have the focus and direction required for a concentration. You may not submit slides of the same work that you are submitting for Section III. Submitting slides of the same work for Section II and Section III may negatively affect your score.

A concentration is a body of related works that:

  • are based on your individual interest in a particular idea expressed visually;
  • are focused on a process of investigation, growth, and discovery;
  • show the development of a visual structure appropriate for your subject;
  • are unified by an underlying idea that has visual coherence; and
  • grow out of a coherent plan of action or investigation.

A concentration is NOT:

  • a variety of works produced as solutions to class projects;
  • a collection of works with differing intents;
  • a group project or collaboration;
  • a collection of works derived solely from other people's published photographs;
  • a body of work that simply investigates a medium, without a strong underlying visual idea; or
  • a project that merely takes a long time to complete.

Examples of Concentrations

  • A series of three-dimensional works that begin with representational interpretations and evolve into abstraction
  • A series of site-specific works that affect existing form or space
  • Abstractions developed from natural or mechanical objects
  • Assemblages that juxtapose the coarse and refined qualities of a material
  • A ceramics project in which wheel-thrown and hand-built vessels demonstrate inventive thinking and proficiency with form
  • The use of multiples/modules to create compositions that reflect psychological or narrative events
  • A series of sculptures that explore the relationship between interior and exterior space

Presenting Your Concentration

All concentrations must be submitted in slide form. Twelve slides are required; some of them may be details.

Don't use the top 2 rows. Insert slides in sheet as shown here.

Slide Sheet
Slide Assemblage

Slide Ceramic

Each slide should be labeled on the mount with a dot in the lower left corner, the dimensions of the work, the medium, and the section in which it belongs.

You may have completed more than 12 works for your concentration. If this is the case, you should choose the 12 that best represent your process of investigation. Your choice of slides should present your concentration as clearly as possible.

In preparing your Section II slides, give some thought to the sequence of the slides in the slide sheet. You should organize them to best show the development of your concentration. In most cases, this would be chronological.


A written commentary describing what your concentration is and how it evolved must accompany the work in this section. Responses should be legible and concise (extra sheets should not be attached; commentaries that exceed the allotted space will not be read). The commentary is not graded, but it does help in the evaluation process. The commentary consists of responses to the following:

  1. Briefly define the nature of your concentration project.
  2. Briefly describe the development of your concentration and the sources of your ideas. You may refer to specific slides as examples.
  3. What medium or media did you use?

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