In the passage, art is described as a "recalcitrant angel" (line 25) because
- (A) writers have traditionally found it difficult to achieve mastery of artistic form CORRECT ANSWER
- (B) so few artists have found fame and appreciation for their work
- (C) art does not readily relieve the suffering of those caught in unjust situations
- (D) divine inspiration is often considered intrinsic to artistic creation
- (E) writer's block is a frequent result of the artist's struggle with new forms
Line 25 refers to the "struggle with that recalcitrant [difficult to manage] angel called Art" that every writer engages in; lines 27-28 refer to "this struggle with form," the struggle through which Hemingway became a great writer. The struggle with the recalcitrant angel is one and the same as the struggle with literary form. It is most likely that the passage describes art as a recalcitrant angel because writers have always found it difficult to master artistic form, having to struggle to achieve control over it. Choice (A) is the best answer.
(from the October 16, 1999 test)